A “shared ground loop” is the name given to a district heating network where at least two or more properties have an individual heat pump connected to a communal ground loop.

The shared ground loop is installed as a series of boreholes, central to either a community of houses or serving one large building of multiple dwellings.

Similar to a standard ground source heat pump system, the ground loop runs on a continuous cycle through the ground, absorbing thermal energy. The ground loop then provides this thermal energy (typically between temperatures of 5oC and 12oC) to individual heat pumps connected to the shared ground loop system. Each heat pump is then responsible for raising the heat to a temperature that’s suitable to be used in the property’s central heating system.




A shared ground loop is similar to a district heat network in that both use one communal ground loop to gather thermal energy from the ground. Where they differ is that a shared ground loop allows multiple individual heat pumps to be served by one ground loop, while in a district heating network, the ground loop serves one or two large heat pumps which supply the heat for all properties in the network.


Shared Ground Loops PDF Download



  • Independence: Occupants have an individual heat pump, powered by their own electrical supply. Individual billing gives people clarity over their bills and control over their spending, while having the ability to adjust the system to personal preferences.
  • Cost Savings: The cost of installing a shared ground loop is typically less than for an individual ground source heat pump systems. Less boreholes are needed to serve the shared loop system and mobilisation costs are kept to a minimum.
  • Versatility: Shared ground loops are suited to any building, whether it be new builds or retrofits. The loop can be expanded at any time in the future to expand the network. The boreholes of the system can be distributed flexibly across the site, ensuring that the ground doesn’t get exhausted.
  • Resilience: Should a fault with an individual heat pump occur anywhere on the shared ground loop network, it will not affect any other heat pump connected to the system. Each heat pump is entirely independent of one another, so should a heat pump go down or need maintenance, no other heat pump is affected.


Bro Castell Shared Ground Loops Case Study



A shared ground loop system with at least two or more individual heat pumps connected to the communal ground array will qualify to be funded by the Non-Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive.

As of June 2018, Ofgem’s RHI regulations were revised to cover shared ground loops. The current rules allow for property developers and builders to apply for and be paid the Non-Domestic RHI payments directly for a shared ground loop.

These new rules are aimed at making shared ground loops a more viable proposition for housing developers and mitigating the expense of installing a heating network. RHI allows property developers to either benefit from the 20-year payments solely, or it’s possible to attract an external funder to take full or joint ownership over the ground array and receive the RHI payments in return.

Ofgem’s revised regulations state that RHI payments will be made on the deemed heat demands of the property. For more in-depth information on shared ground loops and deemed vs. metered RHI payments, Ofgem have created a very useful “Easy guide to shared ground loops”.


Property Developer Services


Benefits of A Shared Ground Loop to Occupants

Green, emissions-free energy: Occupants switch to a form of heating with a dramatically reduced environmental impact, with zero sacrifice to comfort.

Lower bills: Bill payers will realise significantly lower bills as part of a shared ground loop system. While electricity usage does increase, a heat pump creates an average output of 3-4kWh of heat for every 1kWH of electricity input. This makes heat pumps more efficient than traditional fossil fuel heating methods.

Heating and cooling option: During the summer months heat pumps can work in reverse to provide a cooling. Excess heat generated during warmer weather can be recovered and used to re-charge the ground.

Low Maintenance: Heat pumps are very low maintenance, requiring little more than an annual service. If well maintained, heat pumps have an average lifespan of between 20-30 years.



MasterTherm AQ17I: Designed for Shared Ground Loops





MasterTherm, an industry leader in heat pump technology and a manufacturer of which Thermal Earth is the exclusive UK distributor, has recognised the growing emergence of shared ground loops and has developed a heat pump to suit.

The AQ17I is the smallest unit of the MasterTherm range, designed to fit inside a kitchen unit or utility room without dominating the space. Its low output range of 1kW to 5kW is perfectly suited to provide comfortable heating in well-insulated new build properties or apartments. 


See MasterTherm Aquamaster Range


Shared Ground Loops by Harriet Wishart

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